What is an HOA?
A Homeowners Association (HOA) begins to exist when the first unit is sold. However, new housing or condominium complexes are typically managed by the developer or by a professional management company until a certain percentage of the units are sold. At that point, the developer hands-off the management of the property to the owners who establish a formal Homeowners Association (HOA) and elect a Board of Directors. HOAs in Alabama should be incorporated as either profit or non-profit corporation.*
Who are the Homeowner Association Board of Directors?
The HOA Board of Directors is comprised of HOA members who are elected or appointed to make decisions and direct the operations of the Association.
What are the duties of the Homeowners Association?
In general, the HOA is responsible for your community’s operations and common areas. In order to help maintain your property’s curb appeal, quality of life and property values, HOAs may also create covenants, conditions and restrictions.
According to Alabama law, HOAs have certain specific responsibilities and powers.* These include the responsibility or power to:
- Maintain, repair, replace, clean, and sanitize the common and limited common elements.
- Have access to each unit from time to time during reasonable hours as may be necessary for the maintenance, repair, or replacement of any common elements or limited common elements therein or accessible therefrom or for making emergency repairs necessary to prevent damages to any other unit or units.
- Assess and collect funds and pay for common expenses and limited common expenses out of such funds as are appropriate.
- Adopt, distribute, amend, and enforce reasonable rules governing the administration and management of the condominium property and the use of the common and limited common elements.
- Maintain all forms of insurance coverage which are for the benefit of the unit owners. Apprise each unit owner whether or not insurance coverage is maintained by the association and the type and amount of any insurance which is so maintained. Such forms of insurance maintained by the association may include, but are not limited to the following:
- Insurance covering the entire condominium property against loss by fire and such other hazards as may be desired.
- Liability insurance against any risk, such as death, personal injury, or damage to property, faced by unit owners by virtue of their common or limited common ownership in the condominium property, including but not limited to the acts and omissions of the association, its servants, and employees.
- Enter into agreements by which its powers and responsibilities, or some of them, may be exercised or performed by some other person or persons.
Why hire Best Coast to be your professional HOA Management firm?
Being elected to your HOA’s Board of Directors shouldn’t make you feel like you’ve just taken on a second job. At Best Coast, we have the expertise to help you take on your HOA responsibilities. At your direction, we can help execute your decisions and assist you in maintaining a fiscally-sound, well-managed property. Here are just some of the services we offer:
- Provide the day-to-day services your property requires, including maintenance, custodial, and security
- Take care of HOA accounting, including financial reports and tax filings, where applicable
- Help you find the best company and price for important contracts, such as insurance policies, major improvements, etc.
- Establish communication pathways between the Board and HOA members
- Attend HOA Board Meetings, as requested.
- Provide new HOA Boards with an orientation on their roles and responsibilities
*HOAs established after January 2016 should be organized and governed as a nonprofit corporation in accordance with Alabama Code Chapter 3, Title 10A, Code of Alabama 1975.
**Title 35, Chapter 8A, Article 3 is just one part of Alabama codes applicable to HOAs and condominiums. Please refer to Alabama Code for all currently applicable Alabama laws in order to be fully informed.